ICTD; Human Development; Systems; Big Data Analytics; Networks Lab

IHSAN Lab aims to facilitate human development through technological solutions. We use techniques from diverse disciplines (from areas such as machine learning, artificial intelligence, data science, communications networks, economics, psychology, and sociology) to model, understand, and improve human societies, particularly, in the areas of education, health, and global Internet access.

News and Updates


junaid qadir

Junaid Qadir

Lab Director

Anwaar Ali

Research Associate

Uzzam Javed

Research Associate

Muhammad Usama

PhD Student

Zafar Iqbal

Graduate Student


Approximate Networking

Billions of people still cannot access the Internet services with state-of-the-art existing communication technologies. We envision a system that is intelligent enough to make necessary performance tradeoffs in order to keep the people and remote/challenged/disaster-struck sites connected with the rest of the world


We study the role of multiplicity of paths and its implications on network performance. Resource pooling is also one of the subject matters in this research domain.

Big Data for Development

The basic hypothesis of this research is that we can use such mobile phones and modern ICT technology to revolutionize public health services in Pakistan.

Wireless for Development

We propose to use holistic cognitive approach that uses intelligent software defined radio techniques to provide a solution to the vexing issues of wireless interference and wireless spectrum scarcity

Note: Interested BS and MS students can apply for the projects being offered in year 2016/2017 [link].



  • “Big Data Analytics Enhanced Healthcare Systems: A Review”, S. Shafqat, S. Abbasi, R. Rasool, J. Qadir, T. Amjad, H. F. Ahmad, accepted in Journal of Supercomputing, Special Issue on Cloud computing, Big data and IoT, December 2017. Impact Factor (2016): 1.326.

  • "RL-Budget: A cluster size adjustment scheme for cognitive radio networks'', Z. Javed, K. A. Yau, H. Mohamad, N. Ramli, J. Qadir, and Q. Ni, IEEE Access, https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2017.2777867, November 2017. Impact Factor (2016) 3.224.

  • “Healthcare Informatics for the Developing World”, J. Qadir, M Rehman, M. Rehmani, A Pathan, M. A. Imran, A. Hussain, R. Rana, B. Luo, Editorial, IEEE Access, December 2017. Impact Factor (2016) 3.224.

  • “Reinforcement Learning for Traffic Signal Control: Models and Algorithms”, K. A. Yau, J. Qadir, H. L. Khoo, M. H. Ling, P. Komisarczuk, ACM Computing Surveys, https://doi.org/10.1145/3068287, June 2017. Impact Factor (2015) 5.243

  • “How 5G Wireless (And Concomitant Technologies) Will Revolutionize Healthcare?”, S. Latif, J. Qadir, S. Farooq, M. A. Imran, Special Issue on Communications and Computing for Sustainable Development Goals, MDPI Future Internet Journal, http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/fi9040093, Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI) indexed, accepted in November 2017

  • “Approximate Networking for Universal Internet Access”, J. Qadir, A. Sathiaseelan, U. B. Farooq, M. Usama, M. A. Imran, M. Shafique, Special Issue on Communications and Computing for Sustainable Development Goals, MDPI Future Internet Journal, http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/fi9040094, Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI) indexed, accepted in November 2017.

  • “Learning 101: The Untaught Basics”, J. Qadir, M. A. Imran, (February 13, 2017), available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2916505, accepted for publication in IEEE Potentials, August 2017.

  • “Persuasive Technology for Human Development: Review and Case Study”, A. Harris, S. Islam, J. Qadir, U. A. Khan, EAI Endorsed Transactions on Serious Games 17(12): e4, http://dx.doi.org/10.4108/eai.8-12-2017.153401, December 2017.

  • “Using Deep Autoencoders for Facial Expression Recognition”, S. Latif, M. Usman, J. Qadir, 13th IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies (ICET’2017), December 2017.

  • “Connecting the Unconnected 10% of New Zealanders by 2025: Is a MahiTahi Approach Possible?”, M. Villapol, W. Liu, J. A. Gutierrez, L. Chiaraviglio, A. Sathiaseelan, J. Wu, A. Bagula, J. Qadir, J. Song, W. Zhang, M. A. Gregory, J. Wu, Second International Workshop on Data Intensive Computing and Communications for Sustainable Development, International Telecommunication Networks and Applications Conference (ITNAC’2017), December 2017

  • “Weather Forecast Information Dissemination Design For Low-Literate Farmers: A Preliminary Exploratory Study”, F. Idrees, A. Batool, J. Qadir, accepted as a note in 9th International Conference on Information & Communication Technologies and Development (ICTD 2017), August 2017

  • “Admission Criteria in Pakistani Universities: A Case Study”, Z. Iqbal, J. Qadir, A. N. Mian, accepted at the 14th International Conference on Frontiers of Information (FIT), Islamabad, Pakistan, December 2016

  • “Enhancing computer programming skills through Virtual Reality, S. Hussain, Q. H. Abbasi, M. A. Imran, and J. Qadir, Computing Education Practice, Durham, United Kingdom, January 2018.

  • “Persuasive Technology for Development”, A. Harris, J. Qadir, 4th FEIAP Convention 2017, Organized by the Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC), and the National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), 16th May 2017, Pakistan

  • “Mobile Health in the Developing World: Review of Literature and Lessons from A Case Study”, S. Latif, R. Rana, J. Qadir, M. Imran, S. Younis, IEEE Access, https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2017.2710800, May 2017. Impact Factor (2016) 3.224.

  • “Fuzzy Q-Learning-Based User-Centric Backhaul-Aware User Cell Association Scheme”, F. Pervez, M. Jaber, J. Qadir, M. S. Younis, M. A. Imran, accepted for publication in the Proceedings of the 13th International Wireless Communications & Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC), June 2017

  • “On Using Micro-Clouds to Deliver the Fog”, Y. Elkhatib, B. Porter, H. Ribeiro, M. F. Zhani, J. Qadir, and E. Riviere, accepted in IEEE Internet Computing, Special Issue on Fog Computing, https://doi.org/10.1109/MIC.2017.35, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 8-15, March-April 2017. Impact Factor (2016) 1.521

  • “Feasibility, Architecture and Cost Considerations of Using TVWS for Rural Internet Access in 5G”, M. Khalil, J. Qadir, O. Onireti, M. A. Imran, M. S. Younis, accepted in the 5G Universal Access workshop in conjunction with the 18th IEEE International Conference on Intelligence in Next Generation Networks (ICIN), March 2017.

  • “Machine Learning based Optimized Live Virtual Machine Migration over WAN Links”, M. Arif, A. Kiani, J. Qadir, Springer Telecommunication Systems, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11235-016-0173-3, Volume 64, Issue 2, pp 245–257, February 2017, Impact Factor (2016) 1.542.

  • “A Measurement Study of Open Source SDN Layers in OpenStack under Network Perturbation”, A. Malik, J. Ahmed, J. Qadir, M. U. Ilyas, accepted in Elsevier Computer Communications (COM-COM), January 2017. Impact Factor (2016) 3.338.

  • Reliability Modeling and Analysis of Communication Networks”, W. Ahmed, U. Pervez, J. Qadir, O. Hasan, accepted in Elsevier Journal of Network Computer Applications (JNCA), http://dx. doi.org/10.1016/j.jnca.2016.11.008, Volume 78, Pages 191–215, January 2017, Impact Factor (2016) 3.500

  • Book Chapters

  • “Mobile Technologies for Managing Non-Communicable-Diseases in the Developing Countries”, S. Latif, M. Y. Khan, A. Qayyum, J. Qadir, M. Usman, S. M. Ali, Q. H. Abbasi, and M. A. Imran, in “Mobile Applications and Solutions for Social Inclusion”, IGI-Global, 2018.

  • “5G For Universal Access: Challenges and Opportunities for Urban/Rural Coverage”, S. A. Has- san, M. Shahmeer Omar, M. A. Imran, N. K. Jayakody, J. Qadir in 5G Networks: Fundamental Requirements, Enabling Technologies, and Operations Management, IEEE Wiley, 2017

  • Misc

  • “Artificial Intelligence as an Enabler for Cognitive Self-Organizing Future Networks”, S. Latif, F. Pervez, M. Usama, J. Qadir, published in the Special Issue on “Enabling Mobile Computing and Cognitive Networks through Artificial Intelligence” published in IEEE Communications Society (ComSoc)'s blog on Cognitive Radio Networking and Security, Feb 2017

  • The Islamic Worldview and Development Ideals, Junaid Qadir, SSRN, Available at https://ssrn.com/abstract=3015107, August 2017.

  • 2016

  • “Intrusion Detection Systems in Cloud Computing: A Contemporary Review of Techniques and Solutions”, A. Riaz, H. F. Ahmad, A. K. Kiani, J. Qadir, R. Rasool, U. Younis, accepted in Journal of Information Science and Engineering: Special Issue on Cloud Computing and Security, October 2016. Impact Factor (2015): 0.61.

  • “Low-cost Sustainable Wireless Internet Service For Rural Areas”, A. Hameed, A. N. Mian, and J. Qadir, accepted in Springer Wireless Networks (WINET), November 2016. Impact Factor (2015) 1.006.

  • “Resource Pooling for Wireless Networks: Solutions for the Developing World”, J. Qadir, A. Sathiaseelan, L. Wang, J. Crowcroft, Editorial Note published in ACM Computer Communication Review (CCR), October 2016.

  • “Comparing oversampling techniques to handle the class imbalance problem: A customer churn prediction case study”, Adnan Amin, Sajid Anwar, Awais Adnan, Muhammad Nawaz, Newton Howard, Junaid Qadir, Ahmad Hawalah, Amir Hussain, accepted in IEEE Access, September 2016. Impact Factor (2015) 1.249

  • “Admission Criteria in Pakistani Universities: A Case Study”, Z. Iqbal, J. Qadir, A. N. Mian, accepted at the 14th International Conference on Frontiers of Information (FIT), Islamabad, Pakistan, December 2016

  • “The Past, Present, and Future of Transport-Layer Multipath”, S. Habib, J. Qadir, A. Ali, D. Habib, M. Li, A. Sathiaseelan, accepted at Elsevier Journal of Network Computer Applications (JNCA), September 2016. Impact Factor (2015) 2.331 [pdf].

  • “Route Selection for Multi-hop Cognitive Radio Networks using Reinforcement Learning: An Experimental Study”, S. A. Raza, K. A. Yau, J. Qadir, H. Mohamad, N. Ramli, S. L. Keoh, accepted in IEEE Access, September 2016. Impact Factor (2015) 1.249.

  • "MP-ALM: Exploring Reliable Multipath Multicast Streaming with Multipath TCP", Anwaar Ali, Junaid Qadir, Arjuna Sathiaseelan, Kok-Lim Alvin Yau, Jon Crowcroft, 41st annual IEEE conference on Local Computer Networks (LCN) November in Dubai, UAE (2016).

  • "Crisis Analytics: Big Data Driven Crisis Response", Junaid Qadir, Anwaar Ali, Raihan ur Rasool, Andrej Zwitter, Arjuna Sathiaseelan, Jon Crowcroft, Journal of International Humanitarian Action (2016) [pdf].

  • “5G Solution for Universal Internet Access”, O. Onireti, J. Qadir, M. A. Imran, A. Sathiaseelan, ACM SIGCOMM Global Access to the Internet for All (GAIA) Workshop, August, 2016 [pdf].

  • “IEEE Communication Magazine Feature Topic Editorial: Wireless Technologies for Development”, J. Qadir, A. Sathiaseelan, M. Zennaro, S. Bhatti, A. Wolisz, K. Govindan, IEEE Communication Magazine, July 2016. Impact Factor (2015): 4.007.

  • “Taming LIMITS with approximate networking”, J. Qadir, A. Sathiaseelan, L. Wang, J. Crowcroft, ACM LIMITS Workshop, June, 2016 [pdf].

  • “Reinforcement Learning for Traffic Signal Control: Models and Algorithms”, K. A. Yau, J. Qadir, H. L. Khoo, M. H. Ling, P. Komisarczuk, accepted for publication in the ACM Computing Surveys, March 2016. Impact Factor (2015) 5.243

  • “Genetic Algorithms in Wireless Networking: Techniques, Applications, and Issues”, U. Mehboob, J. Qadir, S. Ali, A. Vasilakos, Springer Soft Computing (SOCO), http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/ s00500-016-2070-9, Volume 20, Issue 6, Pages 2467-2501, June 2016, Impact Factor (2014) 1.271 [pdf].

  • “Analysis of Critical Features and Evaluation of BIM Software: Towards a Plugin for Construction Waste Minimisation”, by M. Bilal, L. Oyedele, J. Qadir, K. Munir, O. Akinade, S. Ajayi, H. Alaka, H. Owolabi, Journal of Sustainable Building Technology & Urban Development (SCOPUS indexed), January 2016 [pdf].

  • Ahad, Nauman, Junaid Qadir, and Nasir Ahsan. "Neural networks in wireless networks: Techniques, applications and guidelines." Journal of Network and Computer Applications 68 (2016): 1-27 [pdf].

  • Bilal, Muhammad, Lukumon O. Oyedele, Olugbenga O. Akinade, Saheed O. Ajayi, Hafiz A. Alaka, Hakeem A. Owolabi, Junaid Qadir, Maruf Pasha, and Sururah A. Bello. "Big data architecture for construction waste analytics (CWA): A conceptual framework." Journal of Building Engineering 6 (2016): 144-156 [pdf].

  • Qadir, Junaid. "Artificial intelligence based cognitive routing for cognitive radio networks." Artificial Intelligence Review 45, no. 1 (2016): 25-96 [pdf].

  • "Big Data For Development: Applications and Techniques", Ali, Anwaar, Junaid Qadir, Arjuna Sathiaseelan, and Andrej Zwitter, Springer Nature Big Data Analytics Journal (2016) [pdf].

  • 2015

  • “IEEE Access Special Section Editorial: Artificial Intelligence Enabled Networking”, J. Qadir, K. A. Yau , M. Imran, Q. Ni, A. Vasilakos, IEEE Access, Q4, 2015 [pdf].

  • “Application of Reinforcement Learning for Security Enhancement in Cognitive Radio”, M. H. Ling, K. A. Yau, J. Qadir, G. S. Poh, Q. Ni, Elsevier Applied Soft Computing, September 2015 [pdf].

  • “Learning Automata Based Multipath Multicasting in Cognitive Radio Networks”, A Ali, J. Qadir, A. Baig, accepted at IEEE Journal of Communications and Networks (JCN), Volume 17, Number 4, August 2015 [pdf].

  • Qadir, Junaid, Anwaar Ali, Kok-Lim Alvin Yau, Arjuna Sathiaseelan, and Jon Crowcroft. "Exploiting the power of multiplicity: a holistic survey of network-layer multipath." Communications Surveys & Tutorials, IEEE 17, no. 4 (2015): 2176-2213 [pdf].

  • Ahmed, Ejaz, Junaid Qadir, and Adeel Baig. "High-throughput transmission-quality-aware broadcast routing in cognitive radio networks." Wireless Networks 21, no. 4 (2015): 1193-1210 [pdf].

  • Qadir, Junaid. "What every student should know: Seven learning impediments and their remedies." Potentials, IEEE 34, no. 3 (2015): 30-35 [pdf].

  • “QoS in IEEE 802.11-based Wireless Networks: A Contemporary Survey”, A. Malik, J. Qadir, B. Ahmad, K. A. Yau, and U. Ullah, Elsevier Journal of Network and Computer Applications (JNCA), Volume 55, September 2015 [pdf].

  • Qadir, Junaid, and Osman Hasan. "Applying Formal Methods to Networking: Theory, Techniques, and Applications." Communications Surveys & Tutorials, IEEE 17, no. 1 (2015): 256-291 [pdf].

  • 2014

  • “Network as a Service (NaaS): Are we there yet?”, J. Qadir, N. Ahmed, F. Z. Yousaf, A. Taqweem, IEEE Potentials (included in Thomson Reuters Master Journal List), accepted in November 2014 [pdf].

  • “Building Programmable Wireless Networks: An Architectural Survey”, J. Qadir, N. Ahmed, N. Ahad, EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking (JWCN), Highly Accessed Paper, October 2014 [pdf].

  • “Qadir, Junaid, Nauman Ahad, Erum Mushtaq, and Muhammad Bilal. "SDNs, Clouds, and Big Data: New Opportunities." In Frontiers of Information Technology (FIT), 2014 12th International Conference on, pp. 28-33. IEEE, 2014 [pdf].

  • Qadir, Junaid, Adeel Baig, Asad Ali, and Quratulain Shafi. "Multicasting in cognitive radio networks: Algorithms, techniques and protocols." Journal of Network and Computer Applications 45 (2014): 44-61 [pdf].

  • 2013

  • Farooq, Muhammad Junaid, Muddassar Hussain, Junaid Qadir, and Adeel Baig. "A game-theoretic spectrum allocation framework for mixed unicast and broadcast traffic profile in cognitive radio networks." In Local Computer Networks (LCN), 2013 IEEE 38th Conference on, pp. 425-432. IEEE, 2013 [pdf].

  • Hassan, Malik Tahir, Erfan Ahmed, Junaid Qadir, and Adeel Baig. "Quantifying the multiple cognitive radio interfaces advantage." In Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops (WAINA), 2013 27th International Conference on, pp. 511-516. IEEE, 2013 [pdf].

  • 2012

  • Mir, Adil Kamal, Asif Akram, Erfan Ahmed, Junaid Qadir, and Adeel Baig. "Unified channel assignment for unicast and broadcast traffic in cognitive radio networks." In Local Computer Networks Workshops (LCN Workshops), 2012 IEEE 37th Conference on, pp. 799-806. IEEE, 2012 [pdf].

  • 2009

  • Qadir, Junaid, Chun Tung Chou, Archan Misra, and Joo Ghee Lim. "Minimum latency broadcasting in multiradio, multichannel, multirate wireless meshes." Mobile Computing, IEEE Transactions on 8, no. 11 (2009): 1510-1523 [pdf].

  • 2008

  • Qadir, Junaid, Chun Tung Chou, Archan Misra, and Joo Ghee Lim. "Localized minimum-latency broadcasting in multi-radio multi-rate wireless mesh networks." In World of Wireless, Mobile and Multimedia Networks, 2008. WoWMoM 2008. 2008 International Symposium on a, pp. 1-12. IEEE, 2008 [pdf].

  • 2007

  • Chou, Chun Tung, Junaid Qadir, and Joo Ghee Lim. "Advances and challenges with data broadcasting in wireless mesh networks." Communications Magazine, IEEE 45, no. 11 (2007): 78-85 [pdf].

  • 2006

  • Qadir, Junaid, Chun Tung Chou, and Archan Misra. "Exploiting rate diversity for multicasting in multi-radio wireless mesh networks." In Local Computer Networks, Proceedings 2006 31st IEEE Conference on, pp. 287-294. IEEE, 2006 [pdf].

  • Chou, Chun Tung, Archan Misra, and Junaid Qadir. "Low-latency broadcast in multirate wireless mesh networks." Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on 24, no. 11 (2006): 2081-2091 [pdf].

  • Qadir, Junaid, Archan Misra, and Chun Tung Chou. "Low latency broadcast in multiradio multi-channel multi-rate wireless mesh networks." In Third Annual IEEE Communications Society Conference on Sensor, Mesh and Ad Hoc Communications and Networks SECON. 2006.

  • More papers can be found on this Google Scholar profile

  • Collaborations


    contact us


    Information Technology University,

    6th Floor, Arfa Software Technology Park, Ferozepur Road, Lahore,


    Email: junaid.qadir@itu.edu.pk   


    We are looking to hire graduate and undergraduate students to work on the problems currently addressed in our lab. If you are interested in joining our group, please contact Dr. Junaid via email at "junaid.qadir@itu.edu.pk".